Sunrise over the snow dusted Chisos mountains in Big Bend National Park

Big Bend National Park

Photo: Andrew R. Slaton/ Tandemstock

Explore a treasure hiding in plain sight in rugged, beautiful West Texas.

Need a little extra elbow room to roam? Dive into Big Bend National Park, located in far West Texas. Hemmed in by the nearly 8,000-foot-tall Chisos Mountains and the Chihuahuan Desert, the park is separated from Mexico by a deep canyon carved by the Rio Grande. It’s kind of like Texas’s version of the Grand Canyon, except there’s a good chance you won’t see others while you’re out. Instead, you’ll find wide-open horizons, starry nights, and crowd-free campgrounds, trails, and mountaintops. Big Bend is big country, and the park sprawls over 801,000 acres, making solitude easy to come by. It’s home to more than 60 different kinds of cacti, 1,200 species of plants, and some 450 species of birds. Whether you’re aching to paddle, overland, hike, camp, or relax under clear night skies, use this guide to start planning your next escape to Big Bend National Park.


In 2020, some 12.1 million people visited Great Smoky Mountains National Park—the most visited park in the system. In comparison, only 393,907 people visited Big Bend National Park, even though it’s significantly larger. The reason? You have to want to visit Big Bend—and go out of your way to do so—it’s not just a convenient stop on a cross-country road trip. 

Getting There

Big Bend is located in West Texas, far from everything. It’s a six-hour drive from San Antonio and an eight-hour drive from Dallas. Good option: Fly into Midland, Texas, and rent a car for the three-hour drive south to the park entrance. 

When To Go

There’s no bad time to visit the park, but each season offers a slightly different experience. And there’s a reason why late fall through early spring is the most popular time to visit. 

Winter: All five visitor centers are open in winter and outfitters offer more trips during the cooler seasons. Winter temperatures range from freezing during the night to 80s during the day. 

Spring: Spring offers more moderate temperatures in the 50s to 80s. This is a busy time in the park, as people often visit for spring break. Bonus: wildflowers. 

Summer: In the summer, it’s quite hot with temperatures hitting triple digits during the day (expect temps to be 10 to 20 degrees cooler in the mountains). Summer is also the rainy season and there are frequent afternoon thunderstorms. 

Fall: In the fall, temperatures average around 80 degrees. Bonus: You might even get some leaf-peeping in as the trees in the Chisos Mountains change color. 

Visitor Centers

Big Bend has five different visitor centers. The one you’d stop at depends on what you’re coming to the park to do. Stop at the Persimmon Gap center for river permits for the lower canyons, and other centers for other river-use permits. If you need a backcountry permit, stop at Panther Junction or Chisos Basin.  

Three of the centers stay open all year (Panther Junction, Chisos Basin, and Castolon). The others—Rio Grande Village and Persimmon Gap—are open November to April, which are the park’s busiest times of year. 

Canoes on the Rio Grande River in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Photo: Ron Koeberer/Tandemstock

Things to Do


The Rio Grande is a must-do river for paddlers. You can explore it over half-day trips or multi-day outings, either with a permitted outfitter or on a self-guided trip. While the rim offers views of the river—which has carved out dramatic canyons with towering 100 million-year-old walls—the canyons are best experienced from water level. From your boat, make sure to keep an eye out for beavers, turtles, and great blue herons. Need to know: The middle of the river is the international border, and landing on the Mexican side is illegal (though it’s allowed if it’s for safety measures like bailing water or scouting a rapid). A backcountry permit is required for all river trips. Here are two standout sections: 

Santa Elena Canyon: This 1- to 3-day stretch runs for 20 miles through a stunning canyon with 1,500-foot walls. And since the put-in and takeout are both accessible via a paved road, access is relatively easy. Start at Lajitas for a mellow 13 miles, followed by 7 miles of more moderate water where some technical paddling awaits (the “Rock Slide” is a Class IV rapid at certain water levels). The takeout is at the Santa Elena Canyon River Access. For a no-shuttle day trip in Santa Elena, paddle upstream in calm waters from the Santa Elena access and then turn around and float back to where you started. 

Boquillas Canyon: A whopping 196 miles of the Rio Grande are designated as a Wild and Scenic River section, 33 miles of which you can paddle in Boquillas Canyon over the course of a few days. Put in at Rio Grande Village and take out at Heath Canyon. In between, you’ll pass between 1,200-foot canyon walls and drift past the remains of candelilla wax mining camps. 


Big Bend offers excellent hiking on nearly 150 miles of trails. This trail network crosses everything from the high-alpine terrain in the Chisos Mountains to the endless Chihuahuan Desert (which covers some 80 percent of the park) to scenic jaunts along the Rio Grande. Here are a few best bets for each distinct offering:

Mountain: Hike to the top of Emory Peak, a 7,825-foot summit accessed via a grueling 5.25 miles (10.5-mile round-trip) from the Chisos Basin Trailhead. Wander along forested trails before heading up steep grades to the park’s highest point where wide-open views await. Want something more mild? Try the 5.6-mile round-trip Window Trail. This route passes through Oak Creek Canyon and offers sweeping views of the desert. For a longer journey, take a few days to backpack the 30-mile Outer Mountain Loop.

Desert: Check out the Chimneys Trail (4.8 miles round-trip) to explore volcanic formations and Indigenous rock art. For a flatter option, head to Dog Canyon for a 4-mile round-trip hike through a wash and into the canyon. 

River: The 1.7-mile Santa Elena Canyon Trail is a favorite, and offers some insight into what paddlers get to see during their time on the water. From the trailhead (at the end of the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive), you’ll walk into the mouth of the canyon and gain stunning views of the river. The 1.4-mile round-trip Boquillas Canyon Trail (starting at Boquillas Canyon Spur Road) takes hikers to a cliffside overlook of the Rio Grande. 

Hot Springs

Walk a half-mile on the Hot Springs Historic Trail to take a dip in the 105-degree hot springs near Rio Grande Village. 


Within the park, you’ll find backcountry camping and four developed campgrounds. Since there’s very little light pollution (a perk of being in the middle of nowhere), you’ll get to soak in views of an overwhelmingly starry sky. Many of the campsites can be reserved up to a year in advance for $16/night on The rest are first-come, first-served. 

Rio Grande Village. The village has 93 sites for tents and RVs and is located near the river. The camp store offers groceries and showers, and the visitor center is nearby. Adjacent to the store is the RV campground (operated by a concessionaire) that has 25 sites with full hook-ups. 

Chisos Basin. Its 60 sites are surrounded by cliffs and groves of cypress and mesquite trees. A number of trails are easily accessible from the camping. All sites must be reserved online. 

Cottonwood Campground. This is a quieter spot near the Castolon Visitor Center. It has 22 sites at the end of Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive, just 8 miles from the Santa Elena Canyon Trailhead. 

Backcountry Camping. There are 64 backcountry and primitive sites available and all require a permit. Keep in mind that these sites are often accessed via rugged roads and located in remote areas. You can secure advance permits for 34 of the campsites on up to six months ahead of time. Permits for the other 30 sites located along River Road, Glenn Springs Road, and Old Maverick Road must be secured in person at the Panther Junction Visitor Center or Chisos Basin Visitor Center. 

Scenic Drives

Photogenic drives and overlanding routes abound at Big Bend. Check out the 6-mile Chisos Basin Road, which transitions from the rolling desert to the mountainous Chisos Basin—a worthy destination in its own right, with tons of hiking trails plus a visitor center and campground. The 30-mile Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive passes a number of stellar overlooks (like Sotol Vista and Tuff Canyon) and also leads to the popular Santa Elena Canyon, a jump-off point for hiking and paddling. The Dagger Flat Auto Trail is a dirt road that most vehicles (and mountain bikes) can tackle. There are also a number of more rugged overlanding routes, like Glenn Springs Road, Old Ore Road, and the rowdy Black Gap Road. To attempt those, you should be an experienced off-roader with a high-clearance, four-wheel-drive vehicle. 


There are some general stores and gas stations in the park, but you’ll want to be prepared with what you need before you arrive. Stock up in Midland or in Terlingua (a few miles west of the Maverick Junction entrance). Bring at least a gallon of water per person per day no matter if you’re in your car or on foot.

All articles are for general informational purposes.  Each individual’s needs, preferences, goals and abilities may vary.  Be sure to obtain all appropriate training, expert supervision and/or medical advice before engaging in strenuous or potentially hazardous activity.